Tata Steel’s IJmuiden Works is located on the North Sea Coast of the Netherlands and produces organic and metallic coated strip products for Global markets through its basic oxygen steelmaking, thin strip caster, hot strip mill, annealing lines, cold mills and metallic/organic coating lines.
The site is capable of producing up to about 7,500,000 tonnes/year of hot/cold rolled coil in a variety of finishes. The plant comprises 2 coke batteries, 1 pelletizing plant, 1 sinter plant, 2 blast furnaces, 1 basic oxygen plant, 1 hot strip mill and thin strip caster, cold rolling mills, 3 galvanizing lines (including 2 with optional in-line organic coating facilities), 1 pre-finished steel line, hot pickling, annealing and tinning lines.
2 blast furnaces produce the liquid iron using pellets from the pelletizing plant and sinter supplied by the sintering plant. Coke is supplied by 2 coking plants.
The liquid iron is supplied to the basic oxygen plant which casts the steel into slabs or supplies liquid steel to the thin strip caster. The thin strip caster and in-line rolling mill reduce the steel thickness to approximately 1mm.
Hot rolling mill
The slabs are further processed in the hot rolling mill. There are three gas fired reheat furnaces. After exiting the furnaces the slabs passes through a series of rolling mills reducing the thickness from a slab thickness of 21cm to a final thickness of 1,0-25mm to give coils with a maximum weight of 35 tonnes. The hot mill coils are sold without further treatment, or can undergo further processing.
Pickling and oiling
Hot rolled coils are transported for processing on one of the pickling lines in order to remove the oxide scale formed during the rolling process. After exiting the final tank the strip passes through rinse & drying sections. Finishing operations including: trimming, oiling, cutting and recoiling are then undertaken prior to direct dispatch or further processing.
Cold reduction of hot rolled pickled steel is undertaken on various cold mills in the plant. Processed coils are stored pending transportation/further process, in the 'dispatch bay'.
3 hot dip galvanizing lines are in operation at the site. The strip is annealed and coated with Zinc or Magizinc. In-line tension levelling, cold rolling and organic coating are optional to improve surface quality, shape and metallurgical properties.
After galvanizing the coil can be further processed by application of an organic coat of Polyester, PVDF or Polyurethane to increase corrosion resistance and to enhance aesthetics.
After cold rolling the coils can be further processed in the packaging unit. The product can be continuous annealed followed by application of a layer of Tin in one of the tinning lines.
Tata Steel’s IJmuiden plant is one of the world leaders in terms of low emission steelmaking. It is in the top five of Worldsteel’s environmental benchmark of 52 global steel makers.
The only greenhouse gas emissions from our IJmuiden site are emissions of carbon dioxide resulting from the combustion of natural gas in heat treatment processes. Indirectly, the site contributes to CO2 emissions associated with the consumption of electricity for conveyance, pumping, cooling etc.
Key focus areas for reduction in CO2 relate to:
- The efficient use of natural gas in furnace operations. The progressive setting of stretch targets for furnace efficiencies have resulted in energy intensity performance which is considered best in class. Those involved with the improvements have received in-company accolade via a 'reward & recognition' scheme:
- projects to increase use of by-products/waste energy (e.g. residual heat project)
- projects to increase the share of renewable energy (e.g. windmill, Ferrum project, PV project)
- projects to develop new products which reduce CO2 for our customers (e.g. high strength steel for car bodies, transpired solar collectors for construction applications, etc.)
IJmuiden is also covered by a new energy efficiency governance process established within Tata Steel Europe, whereby its energy performance has been compared to a benchmark as part of a gap analysis exercise. The site has generated a series of schemes aimed at bridging the gap with best practice.
In line with our objective to reduce / eliminate wastes to landfill, at our site in IJmuiden, we have been seeking to segregate wastes at source, to maximise recycling & recovery potential. The target for 98% of (general) waste recycled /recovered has been set and achieved.
Despite the fact that at IJmuiden we use predominantly 'waste' water from the water treatment industry as the main process supply, there is still every incentive to use this resource efficiently (in line with our environmental policy commitment). Over recent years, many projects have been implemented on both process & domestic supplies, to progressively (and appreciably) reduce water usage and improve efficiency.
As shipping and logistics activities are managed centrally within Tata Steel it is not possible to disaggregate the CO2 emissions associated with the production and delivery of specific products from specific locations from the total estimate of Tata Steel transport impacts. See the general page for information on Tata Steel’s transport impacts and some of the steps we are taking to reduce these.
Tata Steel applies a common approach to employment and skills at all, of its sites. The Tata Steel Academy is based at the IJmuiden site and offers a large range of courses and training modules in co-operation with 15 academia/universities. See the general page for information on what Tata Steel is doing to advance the learning and development of its employees.
At IJmuiden, we have for many years enjoyed a strong and active relationship with the local community, and are seeking to make this relationship more sustainable by extending our sponsorship, donations, and community strategies further to local schools, charities, and sports clubs (eg Telstar). Approximately 15.000 -20.000 people (schools, universities, local communities, NGO’s, customers, etc) visit the site and tour the facilities to learn about responsible steelmaking. IJmuiden also hosts the annual Tata Steel World Chess Tournament.
In September 2018, Tata Steel IJmuiden celebrated its 100th anniversary. Besides customers and employees, all inhabitants of neighboring municipalities were invited to visit the festivities, which were organised at the production site of Tata Steel IJmuiden. A total of approximately 35,000 attended the festivities which comprised information on history and present products, site tours, games etc.
Verified EU ETS
Emissions and consumption performance at IJmuiden is very heavily influenced by the amount of production at the site in any given year.